Monkeypox cases are spreading rapidly in Europe and North America: 10 facts

Several countries have started testing the temperatures of arriving passengers for monkeypox

New Delhi:
Europe and North America have detected dozens of cases of monkeypox, a virus that jumps from infected animals such as rodents to humans. The World Health Organization said it was coordinating with health officials about new outbreaks.

Here are 10 things we know about the Monkeypox outbreak:

  1. Monkeypox is a rare viral infection that resembles human smallpox. It was first discovered in 1958 in research monkeys. The first human case of monkeypox was recorded in 1970.

  2. Monkeypox can be caught by a bite from an infected animal or by touching its blood, body fluids or fur. It is thought to be spread by rodents, such as rats, mice and squirrels. It is also possible to catch the disease by eating meat from an infected animal that has not been cooked properly.

  3. Health officials have noted that some of these infections can be transmitted through sexual contact. The WHO said it is also investigating that many of the reported cases were of people identifying as gay or bisexual.

  4. Fever, muscle aches, lesions and chills are common symptoms of monkeypox in humans

  5. Canada was the latest country to report it was investigating more than a dozen suspected cases of monkeypox after Spain and Portugal detected more than 40 possible and verified cases.

  6. The United States reported its first case of monkeypox yesterday. A man from the eastern state of Massachusetts has tested positive for the virus after visiting Canada.

  7. Britain has confirmed nine cases since May 6.

  8. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, no cases of monkeypox were reported for 40 years before it reappeared in Nigeria in 2017.

  9. There is currently no specific treatment for monkeypox. Patients will usually need to stay in a specialist hospital so that the infection does not spread and general symptoms can be treated.

  10. The incubation period (interval between infection and onset of symptoms) of monkeypox is usually 6 to 13 days but can range from 5 to 21 days, according to the WHO.

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